The island is named after self-confident Ikarus. He escaped the labyrinth of Minos with his father Daedalus using wings from feathers and wax. But he ignored his father’s advice and flew too close to the sun, so the wax melted and he fell into the sea nearby Ikaria. According to the myth Dionysus, God of wine, was born here on Mount Pramnos. Zeus released Dionysus from his thigh. Strong Pramneios wine is the gift of Dionysus for Ikarians. This wine is famous for thousands of years and was mentioned by Homer (Pramneios Oinos). Homer states that heroes of the Iliad were drinking a strong red wine of Ikaria with magical powers before they went to battle. Ikaria was also one of goddess Artemis’ favorite places for hunting. Many of the names of the island come from the Nymphs. For example, the name of the village Arethusa, came from the bride Arethusa, Daphne from the nymph Daphne. In Nas village lived Naiads, nymphs who accompanied Dionysus.


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