According to Ancient Greek mythology, Zeus, the Olympian ruler of the skies, used to hide in the cave to escape the fury of his brother Poseidon, the ruler of the seas after Zeus angered him. Poseidon, in his wrath, would unleash very high waves and other dangerous water conditions with his trident.
Ancient Pygela, a small town, with a temple of Artemis Munychia, was founded by Agamemnon and inhabited by a part of his troops.
Ephesus (Ephesos), is a son of the river-god Caystrus, who was said, conjointly with Cresus, to have built the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, also named the town after himself.
Caystrius (Kaustrios), a son of Achilles and the Amazon Penthesileia, from whom the river Caystrus (now Little Menderes) was believed to have derived its name.