Many cities and towns around Canakkale are mentioned in Homer’s classic poems Iliad and Odyssey, such as Troy, Bozcaada, Abydos, and Assos.
Aristotle lived in Assos for three years and founded a school there.
Alexander the Great believed he was descendent of Achilles and visited Troy to sacrifice to the goddess Athena on his way to invade Asia.
Roman emperors Julius Caesar and Augustus believed themselves to be descendents from Aeneas, the rumoured sole survivor of the destruction of Troy.
Abydos, former ally of Troy, was often stuck between disputes of Athens, Sparta, Macedonia and Persia, is an ancient city where the story of Hero and Leander took place, a tragic love story. Hero was a priestess of Aphrodite in Sestos on the opposite side, and Leander was a young man from Abydos who swam to her for months. But one day a sea storm took his life.