The Greek poet Antipater of Sidon included The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in his list of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is believed it stood 45 m tall and was particularly beautiful because it was decorated with sculptures created by the greatest craftsmen in Greece at the time. This was probably to pay respect to Mausolus, the ruler of Caria, as it was his final resting place. The Mausoleum was a tomb built for Mausolus, a satrap in the Achaemenid Empire, Persia, and his wife Artemisia II of Caria.
Ancient Stratonicea was named after Stratonica, wife of Seleucus I Nicator, the king of an empire centred on Syria and Iran, who fell in love with Antiochus Prince of Syria.